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Technological Advancement

Can you imagine having a superhero view like Superman? Cure cancer with a chip? Stop a suicide by chatting on Facebook? This in a very short time could be a reality thanks to technology.

The technology company IBM published a report in which it mentions some predictions of technological innovations that will have a great impact on humanity in the coming years.

In addition to these predictions, there are technological innovations that already surprise the world; we live with them and in the coming years they will be able to show their full potential.

Know the list of technological innovations that will change our lives in the coming years:

1. Artificial intelligence will help mental health

About 10% of the world population suffers from depression or anxiety and mental disorders represent 30% of the global burden of non-fatal disease, according to a study by the World Health Organization.

Can you imagine detecting these mental illnesses by analyzing our speech and writing?

In 5 years, everything we say and write will be an indicator of our mental health and physical well-being. Thanks artificial intelligence we can count on new cognitive systems capable of analyzing our speech and writing and identify patterns that could give notice of a possible mental illness in an initial phase.

With this information it will be possible to apply a better treatment to the disease and help even patients with Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Huntington's, autism or attention deficit.

Currently, Facebook is building predictive models by analyzing users' text publications to prevent suicide; while Cogito, a company funded by DARPA from MIT, is testing an application that creates an image of a user's mental health by simply listening to the sound of their voice during the day.

2. Hyperimage will give us superhero vision

Having a hawk view would not be the best you could ask for in the future. Thanks to hyperimage technology we can see beyond the visible and detect valuable information or potential dangers that would be unknown or not perceptible to the human eye.

In 5 years we will have portable devices that could improve vision in several ways: It could help a driver see through the rain, fog and identify dangers or difficult to see conditions on a road that are a great distance away.

This device incorporated into our mobile phone could take pictures of our food and show us its nutritional value or tell us whether or not it is safe to eat it. It could also be distinguished if a medicine, a check or a ticket is false. The best thing is that it is foreseen that this vision of "superhero" is part of the daily experience, making the cost of this device accessible to the public.

3. Macroscopes to understand the complexity of the Earth in detail

The technological innovations represent more than 6 billion connected objects from drones, satellites or cameras to large telescopes, generating dozens of exabytes of data per month, increasing by 30% in volume per year.

However, most of these data are not organized and it is estimated that a scientist spends 80% of his time "cleaning" these data instead of analyzing and understanding them.

In 5 years, you can use learning machine and software algorithms called "macroscope" that will help organize the complex information, collected by the millions of connected devices, about the physical world that surrounds us and make findings from them.

For example, thanks to the analysis of data on climate, crops and water levels, better decisions could be made about where to grow crops and harvest them so that they conserve their water reserves.

4. Medical laboratories on a chip thanks to nanotechnology

Detecting a disease at its inception would be crucial for its possible cure and this could happen in the next 5 years with the tiny medical laboratories within a chip that would develop thanks to nanotechnology and scientific advances.

If we detect a disease in time, it is very likely to be controlled and cured. Even diseases such as cancer or Parkinson's that are difficult to detect and hide in our bodies without showing symptoms could be discovered.

This chip could be incorporated into a portable device and send the information to the cloud. This combined with data from other devices such as: smart watches, sleep monitors, among others, could provide a complete map of our health and alert us quickly at the first signal.

5. Smart sensors will detect environmental pollution at the speed of light

Methane is the primary component of natural gas and a source of clean energy. However, if methane escapes into the air, it can warm the earth's atmosphere, contributing to global warming.

According to IBM, we will have scientific advances in sensorization deployed near natural gas extraction sites that will detect leaks in real time. In this way, the pollution and the possibility of a catastrophe will be reduced.

And in 5 years, the sensors will be able to expand their detection capabilities beyond methane. They will be able to detect oil residues in the water, harmful contaminants of a vehicle and other particles in the air. In this way, we will protect the environment better.

6. Robots will replace workers

At present, there are about 25 million mobile robots worldwide and in the future their insertion in domestic and industrial environments is projected.

"In the next 15 years, it is estimated that 4 out of 10 people will be replaced by robots to perform repetitive tasks such as cutting the grass or collecting products at a supermarket cashier," says Joan Cwaik, technological innovator and coordinator of the Center of Technological Disclosure of the Faculty of Engineering of the UADE.

"Artificial intelligence in industry allows productive processes to become more efficient and precise. The productive industry in Peru must adapt to this new trend, demanding in this way more technical professionals specialized in technologies such as this. Robotics that uses artificial intelligence will take more and more prominence in Peruvian industry, "says Juan Carlos Quillas, academic head of the School of Engineering of Idat.

7. Virtual reality, augmented and mixed to live digital experiences

In 2016, we lived intensely the uses of augmented reality, especially with the launch of Pokemon Go that took millions of users to the streets. Virtual reality evolved and they began to sell helmets massively and not only for video games, it is also used educationally and to treat certain phobias. In the coming years, it is estimated that this technological innovation will change the cinematographic language we consume. The story would be 360 degrees and devices that incorporate sensors for touch, smell, etc. will be added.

8. Self-sufficient homes for energy efficiency

Home automation plays an important role as a source of innovation. In the coming years, households will be automated in opening and closing doors, air conditioning, use of electricity, etc. In this way, they encourage savings and make efficient energy consumption.

Undoubtedly, these technological developments will have an important impact on our lives, as well as the scientific advances in autonomous vehicles and drones that were shown this year. You can also develop technological innovations that have a great impact on humanity.